Seminar on Division of Korea: LiNK Daegu Rescue Team

LiNK Daegu Rescue Team Seminar

Led by Sojung and Ilhwa


May 20 Sat.

Mix Café 4pm-6:30pm


  1. Political and Historical Context of the Division of Korea


– Introduction: Complexity of the armistice regime

Even though it has been 70 years since the armistice agreement was established, the military confrontation at the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) between South and North Korea illustrates the enduring tensions within the Korean peninsula. The Constitution of South Korea defines its territory as the entire Korean peninsula. It implies that North Koreans are considered citizens of South Korea, and therefore under its protection, although the two Koreas have been separate UN member states since 1991. However, the South Korean National Security Law defines the North Korean regime and its organizations as “anti-state groups” whose activities cause national disturbances. Therefore, it is strictly forbidden for South Korean citizens to have contact with North Korea, and North Korean migrants who are granted South Korean citizenship cannot return to their hometowns in North Korea.


Ÿ Historical context: The Korean War (1950-1953)

– Following the independence from the Japanese colonial rule in 1945, how had the 38th parallel border been drawn dividing the South and the North?

– The establishment of the two separate regimes in 1948

– Sporadic guerilla movements and the outbreak of the war in 1950


Ÿ Political context: What’s left of the Korean War and the division in two Koreas?

– North Korea after the war: Anti-Americanism and Juche ideology as tool for prolonged one-family dictatorship


– South Korea after the war: Anticommunism and dictatorships

– The Red Complex in the liberal democratic state

i.e.) Silenced dispute over unification or re-unification


  1. Talk with Ilhwa

– Migration from North to South Korea, and to anywhere else she would like to go


  1. Discussion: Prospects of North Korean Human Rights Movement

– Is there a “mainstream” North Korean human rights discourse attracting worldwide attention the most? How has it been shaped in the international community? Through media only?

– How has North Korean human rights discourse been circulated in South Korea?


– How can we build efforts for advocating human rights in North Korea?

– How does this advocacy connect to supporting people from North Korea who live outside North Korea (who live in South Korea and elsewhere in the world)?


  1. Q & A Session

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